Data source for literature searching�

Steps For Conducting A Lit Review

Quoting a source within a source is not a good idea because you will not have the full context behind the information. Does the author seem to have any biases that are cropping up? Is the author examining the issue from every possible angle? Instead of using a generic google search, use something like Google Scholar which will link you to academic citations. Librarians are valuable resources and may be able to offer you search tips that will be helpful to your research.

Connect with a librarian to request literature searches to find articles that support research projects, courses, grants, publications, and more. The literature search service is free to all U of M faculty and staff. Students can meet with a librarian for literature search help. In this step, the review author identifies the major concepts of each work cited that relate to the study and organizes the information appropriately so it can support the story told by the literature review.

It is assumed that by mentioning a previous work in the field of study, that the author has read, evaluated, and assimiliated that work into the work at hand. Only one document provided guidance on the topic of when to stop searching . This guidance from 2005 anticipates a topic of increasing importance with the current interest in time-limited (i.e. “rapid”) reviews.

Once you’ve settled on your research question, coming up with a good set of keywords to find papers on your topic can be daunting. Put simply, if you fail to include a relevant paper when you write a narrative literature review, the omission will probably get picked up by your professor or peer reviewers. The end result will likely be a low mark or an unpublished manuscript, neither of which will do justice to your many months of hard work. Whether it is the institution or the investigator, somebody pays the cost for searching.

That’s because review articles provide you with a broad picture of the field, and help to synthesize published research that’s expanding at a rapid pace. Every institution or IACUC develops its own protocol form so there is no universal standard or template. Some institutions do, however, contain a section which asks the investigator to describe efforts to determine if alternatives are available. At a minimum, the investigator must provide the search strategy used and list the databases searched. Some IACUCs ask investigators to attach a copy of the search while others suggest the investigator keep it on file for future reference. “What is the literature search for alternatives and why do I have to do it?” is a frequent question asked by primary investigators who contact the Animal Welfare Information Center .

Text mining has been proposed as a technique to develop search strategies in the scoping stages of a review although this work is still exploratory . ‘Clustering documents’ and word frequency analysis have also been tested to identify search terms and studies for review . Preparing for literature searches and scoping constitutes an area for future research.

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