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Literary Arts Stamp Series Honors Cross

Nonfiction can fall within the broad category of literature as “any collection of written work”, but some works fall within the narrower definition “by virtue of the excellence of their writing, their originality and their general aesthetic and artistic merits”. Poetry has traditionally been distinguished from prose by its greater use of the aesthetic qualities of language, including musical devices such as assonance, alliteration, rhyme, and rhythm, and by being set in lines and verses rather than paragraphs, and more recently its use of other typographical elements. This distinction is complicated by various hybrid forms such as sound poetry, concrete poetry and prose poem, and more generally by the fact that prose possesses rhythm. Abram Lipsky refers to it as an “open secret” that “prose is not distinguished from poetry by lack of rhythm”. The history of modern newspaper publishing started in Germany in 1609, with publishing of magazines following in 1663. The earliest poetry is believed to have been recited or sung, employed as a way of remembering history, genealogy, and law.

All of the courses for this concentration are online, enabling distance learners to complete their degree. PORTLAND, OR — The forward-thinking and genre-crossing writings of acclaimed author Ursula K. Le Guin, whose novels and short stories increased appreciation of science fiction and fantasy, are being celebrated with a new Forever stamp — the 33rd in the Postal Service’s Literary Arts series. Students are provided with the opportunity to develop originality and style in writing through serious reading, writing, thinking, observation, practice, and discipline. Throughout this four-year course of study, students pursue an enriched and sequential set of literary experiences in an atmosphere that celebrates the diversity of human perspectives, that promotes lively exchange of ideas, and that nurtures the development of each writer’s voice.

The novel intertwined elements of fantasy and science fiction — and inspired two sequels — while establishing a setting for many later novels and stories. Twelve Literary Arts is committed to the safety and well-being of our artists, employees, and community. As a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, all programs and engagement have been and will continue to be offered virtually. Please follow us on social media, or visit our website for updates and to learn more about how you can be a part of these programs. We encourage everyone to help keep our community safe and help limit the spread of the virus by remaining vigilant in wearing masks, social distancing, and washing your hands.

The beginning of Roman literature dates to 240 BC, when a Roman audience saw a Latin version of a Greek play. Literature in latin would flourish for the next six centuries, and includes essays, histories, poems, plays, and other writings. The Hebrew religious text, the Torah, is widely seen as a product of the Persian period (539–333 BC, probably 450–350 BC). This consensus echoes a traditional Jewish view which gives Ezra, the leader of the Jewish community on its return from Babylon, a pivotal role in its promulgation. This represents a major source of Christianity’s Bible, which has been a major influence on Western literature.

Ancient Egyptian literature, along with Sumerian literature, are considered the world’s oldest literatures. The primary genres of the literature of ancient Egypt—didactic texts, hymns and prayers, and tales—were written almost entirely in verse; By the Old Kingdom , literary works included funerary texts, epistles and letters, hymns and poems, and commemorative autobiographical texts recounting the careers of prominent administrative officials. It was not until the early Middle Kingdom that a narrative Egyptian literature was created. Around the 4th millennium BC, the complexity of trade and administration in Mesopotamia outgrew human memory, and writing became a more dependable method of recording and presenting transactions in a permanent form. Though in both ancient Egypt and Mesoamerica, writing may have already emerged because of the need to record historical and environmental events. Subsequent innovations included more uniform, predictable, legal systems, sacred texts, and the origins of modern practices of scientific inquiry and knowledge-consolidation, all largely reliant on portable and easily reproducible forms of writing.

Ancient Chinese literature had a heavy emphasis on historiography, with often very detailed court records. An exemplary piece of narrative history of ancient China was the Zuo Zhuan, which was compiled no later than 389 BC, and attributed to the blind 5th-century BC historian Zuo Qiuming. All ancient Greek literature was to some degree oral in nature, and the earliest literature was completely so. Homer’s epic poetry, states Michael Gagarin, was largely composed, performed and transmitted orally. As folklores and legends were performed in front of distant audiences, the singers would substitute the names in the stories with local characters or rulers to give the stories a local flavor and thus connect with the audience, but making the historicity embedded in the oral tradition as unreliable.

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