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Postmodernism is an emergent literary movement in twentieth-century literature. Postmodernism is a literary genre characterized by an innovation at the turn of the century by writer Robertighters. It is characterized by postmodernism an attitude of rejecting the traditional meanings established through the history and by a rejection of those traditional forms of identity, such as nation, race, sex, art, and language. In its place, postmodernists claim that all meaningful communication can be nothing more than a narration, a reflection, or a commentary on the present situation, which they interpret as being determined by technological, economic, and scientific developments. Thus, postmodern literature constitutes a genre of modern literature which includes essays, short stories, collections, and other forms.
Postmodernism is a kind of postmodernism that arises from the failures of traditionalism. A number of literary works may fall under this category, including science fiction (which frequently takes on a high proportion of postmodern elements), essays, short stories, and poems. However, there is also a tendency to use postmodern literature for critical purposes, such as discussing politics, social problems, and contemporary cultural issues.
Postmodernism is a reaction against both the Modernist and Romanticist theories of time and infinity. The Modernists Idealist and Viennese Modernist schools of thought posed a challenge to established norms of grammar, method, and structure. The Romanticists, on the other hand, focused more on generating a self-contained, self-enclosed, and independent world, which they considered to be the only possible world. They sought to escape the maddening monotony of the modernist project by producing their own symbolic language, whose beauty was seen to arise from the aesthetic sensibilities of their writers. The postmodernists, on the other hand, focused less on aesthetic appreciation and more on structural analysis, criticizing modernist assumptions regarding the nature of reality.
Unlike the more organized forms of Modernism, postmodern literature has no set genre or literary form. It may be a mixture of various forms such as poetry, essay, short stories, novels, comic strips, and song. There are also instances where different strands of the same narrative are told in different ways. This means that not all who write postmodern literature are necessarily claiming to be postmodern, to frequently use the terms “postmodern” and “literature” in their titles.
The most common characteristics of postmodernism are its rejection of the traditional model of the human being, reality, and the environment. This movement also denies the possibility of the human being as an independent entity. Although postmodern literature seeks to depict the workings of the human mind, it also strives to remain true to the realities of the present moment. It is not influenced by the potential for future reality, as it is the potentiality of the present to manifest into a certain form.
In spite of the fact that there is no set genre or literary structure found in postmodern literature, one common thread is fragmentation. As it does not have a fixed structure, there is frequent disarray within the accepted norms. The author often uses multiple ways of narrating the same events or narrating the same point of view. However, there is also a tendency to use one perspective to oppose another in order to highlight fractures in the system of reality.
Postmodernism is also known for having a number of common examples. Some of these include essays such as those by Jean Sibelius, German writer Alfred Nietzsche, American essayists such as Mark Lilla, and American philosopher marginalia. Other common examples include novel writing, comics, film, music, and sculpture. While some authors work in all of these genres, others focus on one or two of them.
In terms of structure, postmodern literature frequently utilizes fractured images, double-meaning, and anonymous codes. It may be noted that some of its key figures are postmodernists themselves who have crafted works that mirror or at least mimic, their own works. Such examples include Ulysses by James Joyce, A Stranger in the Mirror by Philipieu Dreyfuss, and The Bells of Sleep by Edith Nesbit. Furthermore, several of the key works of postmodernism are written in verse form, as is the case with the unfinished Masnawi of Said Abu-l Ebadi. However, all of this can be seen as merely an extension or elaboration of the already present socio-cultural reality of the times.